NATIVE PLANTS FOR SHELTER Plant Catalogue
There is always a need to provide shelter from the weather, to screen unwanted views, or to define a boundary. There are many New Zealand Native Plants that can be utilised.
One Species Shelter
This is the traditional style where only one plant species is used. This style gives a very neat appearance with uniform colour and size and is a style that is probably best where there is little space and a narrow trimmed edge is needed.
Dual Species Shelter
Two species are used – one usually being fast growing and planted to give protection to the slower growing plants which will eventually be the main shelter. This style requires more space but gives greater protection and has more aesthetic appeal.
Here a number of species are used together in a row several plants deep. Such a shelter belt not only gives shelter from the wind but also provides a habitat for wild life and gives a very varied and interesting effect. This style is ideal where space is not a problem and a multi-purpose shelter is required. Generally this type of shelter would not be trimmed and could include species not generally considered for this purpose. Some species would be chosen for their sheltering capacity but others may be selected for other reasons, eg. to encourage birds, firewood and/or timber. The mixed shelter concept is used extensively in
Generally plants selected for shelter purposes must meet the following criteria:
The speed of growth and the eventual height of any species will depend on the kind of growing conditions. Where sites are exposed with poor dry soils, growth will obviously be far slower than on more sheltered fertile sites. Many species can be maintained as hedges of a much lower height than they would naturally attain by annual trimming.
There are numerous species not mentioned here which can be incorporated into the mixed shelter belt concepts quite happily. Planting some of the main shelter species provides a protected environment for many other plants.
After Planting Care